Michelet, Jules

   historian, writer
   Born in Paris, Jules Michelet, a leading French historian, at the end of a poor and laborious adolescence during which he worked in his father's print shop, began his brilliant studies at the École normale supérieure (where he later taught) in ancient history and the philosophy of history. He became a student and disciple of the writings of victor cousin, J. G. Herder, and Giambattista Vico. Appointed to the historical section of the National Archives (1831), he directed his research toward the French national past and began his Histoire de France, of which six volumes (from the nation's origins until the death of louis xi) appeared between 1833 and 1844. The later volumes (from louis xi to louis XVI, 1855-67) have the power of a political polemic. Breaking with Catholicism, Michelet developed his humanistic and democratic ideas during his lectures, which were popular, at the collège de France (1838). He also researched and wrote his Histoire de la Révolution française (seven volumes, 1847 to 1853), an inspired, engaging, enthusiastic, and remarkably documented work, in which he analyses absolute monarchy and subsequent French governments. During his period of self-imposed semi-exile (he disagreed with the policies of napoléon III), coupled with his trips to the French countryside, Michelet sought inspiration in nature (L'Oiseau, 1856; La Mer, 1861), but also continued his concern for humanity (L'Amour, 1859; La Femme, 1860) and his hopes for the future (La Bible de l'humanité, 1864). His death prevented him from finishing Histoire du XIXe siecle (three volumes, 1872-75). He left, too, a Journal intime. One of the greatest historians of his age Jules Michelet, a literary artist as well as a philosopher, was an eloquent lecturer and writer. in his original, lyrical, and audacious style, he explored not only the events of history but many other aspects, such as geography, that make and define the evolution and development of peoples and nations.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Michelet, Jules — born Aug. 21, 1798, Paris, France died Feb. 9, 1874, Hèyres French nationalist historian. He taught history and philosophy before he was appointed head of the historical section of the Record Office in 1831. His time there provided him with… …   Universalium

  • Michelet, Jules — (1798–1874)    One of France’s foremost nineteenth century historians, Jules Michelet was born in Paris less than a decade after the French Revolution. Michelet worked from a young age in his father’s print shop; however, in 1817, he passed the… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Michelet, Jules — ► (1798 1874) Historiador francés. Autor de Historia de Francia (1833 67) en la que consigue hacer revivir el pasado de su patria por la fuerza del estilo y la pasión. * * * (21 ago. 1798, París, Francia–9 feb. 1874, Hèyres). Historiador… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Michelet,Jules — Mi·che·let (mēsh ə lāʹ, mēsh lāʹ), Jules. 1798 1874. French historian noted for his lively 17 volume Histoire de France (1833 1867). * * * …   Universalium

  • MICHELET, JULES —    French historian, born in Paris; was the author among other works of a History of France in 18 vols., and a History of the Revolution in 7 vols.; he cherished a great animosity against the priests, and especially the Jesuits, whom he assailed… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Michelet — Michelet, Jules …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jules Michelet — por Félix Nadar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Michelet — (Jules) (1798 1874) historien et écrivain français. Il enseigne au Collège de France (1838), où son libéralisme et son anticléricalisme le font suspendre. Il perd définitivement sa chaire (1851), puis sa fonction aux Archives (1852). Son Histoire …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jules Michelet — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Michelet. Jules Michelet …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jules Michelet — Portrait of Jules Michelet by Thomas Couture Jules Michelet (21 August 1798 – 9 February 1874) was a French historian. He was born in Paris to a family with Huguenot traditions. Contents …   Wikipedia

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